Lingappa, M.D., Ph.D., and Connie Celum, M.D., M.P.H. For the Companions PrEP Study Team: Antiretroviral Prophylaxis for HIV Prevention in Heterosexual Men and Women The use of antiretroviral medications for preventing HIV type 1 transmission is a promising technique for reducing the spread of HIV-1.1-4 Antiretroviral treatment for persons infected with HIV-1 provides important clinical benefits and substantially reduces infectiousness.8,9 The rationale for antiretroviral prophylaxis in persons with ongoing exposure is based on its efficacy in infants exposed to HIV-1 during birth and breast-feeding10 and the partial or full safety it confers against mucosal simian HIV challenge in primates.11 In perinatal-transmission pet and studies models, the protective benefits of antiretroviral prophylaxis were maximized when the antiretroviral medication was administered both before and after HIV exposure.The demand for specially-trained scientists who can handle performing high complexity screening keeps growing. The recommendations established by the MLS Task Force will support the rapid developments in genomic technology and methods. Based on a prior research of private medical health insurance payments. Both overuse and underuse of cesarean delivery could be harmful as well clinically, with higher threat of infection, damage, and need for crisis hysterectomy for the mom and greater threat of asphyxia, respiratory distress, and additional pulmonary disorders for the baby weighed against vaginal birth.